A wide variety of pollutants can damage your cells, and some of these include lead, oil, ozone, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Moreover, particulates are able to enter your body and could weaken your immune system, and the presence of these chemicals may result in oxidative stress.
The Respiratory System
According to several studies, airborne chemicals might reduce an athlete’s aerobic capacity, and the pollutants may contribute to the development of asthma. In urban areas, high levels of carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide can usually be found in the air. When sunlight comes into contact with nitrogen dioxide, ozone is created. This substance is known to cause inhabitants to experience shortness of breath and to frequently cough.
Pollutants in Water
A recent report showed that industrial waste from landfills commonly seeps into the water table, and many of the chemicals are carcinogens. In some cases, pesticides can also accumulate in lakes and rivers.
The Cardiovascular System
The free radicals in certain pollutants might slowly damage the blood vessels and cause them to become relatively inflexible. Furthermore, the toxins have the ability to oxidize cholesterol, and as a result, the substance is converted into plaque, which may block the flow of blood.
Numerous analyses have shown that catechins strengthen the walls of the arteries and reduce oxidative stress. Found in several teas, these substances also decrease inflammation in the blood vessels.
Protecting the Skin
As skin cells divide, the DNA in each cell is copied and added to the new cell. Chemicals can slightly damage the DNA while it is being replicated, and if the recently created cell contains an error, the mistake will be passed on to new DNA. The accumulation of these errors may cause fine lines and wrinkles.
Chemicals can also lower the skin’s levels of collagen, which is the major protein in the skin cells. Particular pollutants are known to prevent nutrients and water from reaching the skin, and as a result, the production of collagen may be blunted. Low levels of collagen could reduce the smoothness and the elasticity of the skin.
The Effects of Pollutants on Energy
In order to eliminate chemicals from the body, the immune system must produce additional white blood cells and boost the activity of antibodies. These techniques could decrease energy and may inhibit focus. Additionally, chemicals can sometimes interfere with the creation of adenosine triphosphate, which delivers energy to the cells.
The Impact of Free Radicals
Pollutants contain countless free radicals. These molecules attempt to steal an electron from healthy cells by promoting oxidation, which weakens the cells. Over time, this damage accumulates and can cause serious diseases, such as cancer, arthritis, heart disease and neurological conditions.
The Benefits of Antioxidants
These compounds neutralize radicals by giving an electron to the reactive molecules. As a result, the substances could prevent diseases and tremendously slow the accumulation of damage in the body. Powerful antioxidants include astaxanthin, lutein, vitamin E, vitamin A and lycopene. Each of these substances is fat-soluble, and consequently, the compounds are likely to be absorbed by a person’s tissues.
Water-soluble antioxidants can be found in fruits, numerous herbs, vegetables, coffee and olive oil. A partial list of these substances would contain vitamin C, catechins, glutathione and ubiquinol.
According to several studies, most children in 2014 are likely to have shorter lifespans that their parents, and a major cause of this reduced life expectancy is the proliferation of unnatural chemicals. In order to decrease pollution, we can utilize renewable sources of energy, reduce the amount of fossil fuels that we use and allow companies that are approved by the EPA to dispose of unused chemicals.